Eye Conditions

Eye conditions of the visual impaired

 

  • Septo-Optic Dysplasia is a disorder of early brain development. Optic Nerve Hypoplasia is part of the condition which is the underdevelopment of the optic nerves, which carries the visual information from the eyes to the brain. It is a rare congenital malformation syndrome, featuring underdevelopment of the optic-nerve, pituitary gland dysfunction and the absence of the septum pellucidum (a midline part of the brain)
  • Hemiplegia is a type of Cerebral Palsy that results from the damage of the part of the brain which can cause difficulty with vision and impaired coordination in both eyes.
  • Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) is a visual impairment that occurs due to a brain injury. CVI is caused by damage to the visual centres of the brain which interferes with the communication between the brain and the eyes. The eyes are able to see but the brain is not interpreting what is being seen.
  • Walker-Warburg Syndrome is a condition which affects the development of the muscles, brain and eyes.
  • High Myopia in simple terms is called very short sightedness.
  • Cataract this is where the lens inside the eye is cloudy.
  • Pyruvate, Dehydrogenase Complex, Deficiency (PDCD) Is a carbohydrate metabolic difficulty, where poor vision and tracking is difficult.
  • Oculodentodigital Syndrome This is a genetic condition that causes the underdeveloped teeth, malformation of the fourth and fifth fingers and small eyes which may lead to some vision loss and Myopia which is short sightedness.
  • Pontocerbellar Hypopplasia is a condition that affects the development of the brain which can contribute to visual impairment.
  • Retinal Dystrophy means born with and the retinal is millions of light –sensitive cells called photoreceptors. When damaged the retina is unable to function and transmit the sight information to the brain.
  • Soto Syndrome is a disorder characterized by a distinctive facial appearance overgrown in childhood. This contributes to other conditions as well as problems with vision.
  • Nystagmus is a vision condition in which the eyes make repetitive, uncontrolled movements.  These movements often result in reduced vision and can affect balance and coordination. These involuntary eye movements can occur from side to side, up and down, or in a circular pattern.